Der All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club (deutsch Verein für Rasentennis und Croquet für ganz England) ist ein Verein in Wimbledon, einem Stadtteil. Juni Juli geht es in Wimbledon um den dritten Grand-Slam-Titel des Jahres. zur aktuellen Ausgabe der "Lawn Tennis Championships" in London. 8. Juli Die erste Woche beim traditionellen Tennis-Turnier in Wimbledon ist vorbei. Während beim berühmtesten Rasenturnier der Welt in London der.
This was in large part due to other Grand Slam tournaments such as the French Open and Australian Open also announcing expansion and re-development plans  .
Aspects of the master plan included new player and media facilities, expansion of the No. On 19 October , it was announced that a tie-break will be played if the score reaches 12—12 in the final set of any match; this will apply to all competitions including in qualifying, singles and doubles.
Wimbledon consists of five main events, four junior events and seven invitation events. Up to and including the tournament, a tiebreak game is played if the score reaches 6—all in any set except the fifth in a five-set match or the third in a three-set match , in which case a two-game lead must be reached.
Since , a final set tiebreak game is played if the score in the final set reaches 12—all. This led to many winners retaining their titles in successive years, as they were able to rest while their opponent competed from the start of the competition.
It was announced that the tournament would begin on Monday 3 July. Wimbledon is scheduled for 14 days, beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday.
Traditionally, unlike the other three tennis Grand Slams, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day.
However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday four times, in , , and Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.
Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers. The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships.
This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw.
This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit. The first players to be seeded as no.
The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.
Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.
The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events. From singles qualification will increase to players and no doubles qualification will occur.
There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles. The furthest that any qualifier has progressed in a Singles tournament is the semi-final round: Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.
The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. While the seeds are still the top 32 players according to rankings, the seeding order is determined using the formula: In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.
The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game.
The main show courts, Centre Court and No. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the Club. The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.
One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.
At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The Church Road venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.
Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship. The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.
The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.
The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction on a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium is also set to rise by taking the total capacity up to 12, From , a new No.
To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.
At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace.
When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground, in Roehampton , 3.
Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.
They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were supplied by Goldings,  the only Barnardos school to provide them.
Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools. As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.
This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten. With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.
Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
BBG places are split Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.
To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.
As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.
Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing; the contract with Polo Ralph Lauren ended in Prior to female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs" on scoreboards.
Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs. X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued at least to some extent.
The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge.
If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.
Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales , or The Queen is present,  as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.
Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.
In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave. In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.
The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.
The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.
Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferrable.
Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.
Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.
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